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Contact lenses are suitable for correction of myopia, farsightedness and astigmatism of various degrees. They can begin to be used from the child's age when they can put on and remove the contact lenses, and learn how to clean the lenses and strictly follow their wearing regimen. The exception is neonatal contact lenses used in exceptional cases and only under a pediatric ophthalmologist's supervision.
Knowing what contact lenses are right for you means understanding the differences between existing contact lens types.
There are two main types of contact lenses:
Due to their comfort and short habituation, soft contact lenses are the best known and most widely used type of contact lens.
When using soft contact lenses, please do not allow them to dry out. Otherwise, the contact lenses may cause discomfort and impair the quality of vision, and drier lenses are more prone to damage. Soft contact lenses are also more susceptible to protein and lipid deposits, absorbing environmental chemicals that increase inflammation and infection risk.
Depending on the type of use, soft contact lenses are divided into one-day, two-week or monthly contact lenses.
For many people, hard contact lenses date back to ancient times, when they were made of hard and heavy glass, which caused significant discomfort to their users.
With the development of modern technologies in the manufacture of hard lenses, glass has been replaced by various light, air and gas porous materials, so there is no need to be afraid of hard lenses.
Although the latest generation of hard lens material provides much more comfort, it should be considered that it may take longer to get used to compared to soft contact lenses.
One type of hard contact lens is orthokeratological or night lenses, which are used only at night.
While a person is asleep, night lenses actively act on the cornea under natural pressure, slightly altering the curvature of its anterior surface and smoothing the upper layers of the epithelium, resulting in an even distribution of load successful correction of low to moderate myopia. During the day, the lenses are removed, and clear vision is provided throughout the day, even without them, giving more freedom in everyday life.
The second type of hard contact lenses is day contact lenses, which can be worn for up to 12 hours before going to bed.